Multi-dimensional Poverty Index 2018 : About India


MP Index 2018 report prepared by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative makes the following observations about India:

India has reduced its poverty rate drastically from 55% to 28% in 10 years, with 271 million people moved out of poverty between 2005-06 and 2015-16. While progress has been remarkable . The country still has largest number of people living in multidimensional poverty  in the world . Almost 364 million poor in 2015-16, although it is down from 635 million in 2005-06.

The good changes is that the Poverty reduction among children, the poorest states, Scheduled Tribes, and Muslims are fastest. over the 10 years, these two groups still had the highest rates of poverty

In compare to 2005/06  &  2015/16 of ST members the 50% of them were still poor , Muslims member  31% of them are still poor in 2015-16.

The four poorest states Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh were still home to 196 million MPI poor people, which was over half of all the MPI poor people in India. Bihar with more than half its population in poverty was the poorest state in 2015-16. Jharkhand had shown the greatest improvement, followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, and Nagaland.

Kerala, one of the least poor regions in 2006, reduced its MPI by around 92%.