The world is facing the challenge of the epidemic today, it has posed a threat in the form of China as well. China is taking a more aggressive military and diplomatic approach towards its neighbors and other countries. In the South China Sea, the People’s Liberation Army of China (PLA) has tried to intimidate small neighboring countries, Japan and Taiwan in the east and India in the west. It has been seven months since the tension with Ladakh started on the border with India. In the meantime, there have been many talks between India and China at the diplomatic and military level, but the dispute is yet to be resolved. It is certain that the solution to this dispute is not going to be found recently.
After the confrontation with the Chinese soldiers in Galvan, India’s attitude has changed in many ways. As Ashley Tellis has said, the bilateral relationship between India and China ‘can never be as normal as before. Such a race will start in both countries, which no one had imagined at the start of this crisis.” The Galvan case has also made it clear that India cannot remain in a tizzy about its foreign policy. It has to form a clear foreign policy. Decisions will also have to be taken on strategic cooperation with other countries. The ‘hedging strategy’ he was pursuing till now has no meaning. Given the opinion of the people in India, especially of the elite, it seems that violent clashes in Galvan have proved to be a game-changer in terms of India’s China policy. After the Galvan episode, India seems ready to increase strategic cooperation with like-minded allied countries. Especially with the Quad and other trilateral and groups that include only a few countries.
It can also have an impact on the politics going on in the Indian Ocean. China is trying to maintain a constant presence in the region, while India wants to connect strategic allies like America, France, Japan, Australia, and other countries in the region. At the global level, competition between the US and China increased in many areas including in 2020. With this, once again the emphasis on global export control has increased so that sensitive technology and commodity free movement can be stopped.
With this, the issue of digital and knowledge networks along the supply chain may emerge and efforts to reduce dependence on China may gain momentum. The epidemic also showed how dangerous it can be for a global supply chain to rely on a manufacturing center like China. This has led to an initiative to diversify the supply chain, that is, to connect many countries with it. The Australia-Japan-India Supply Chain Resilience Initiative is one such endeavor, whose details are still being worked on. The three countries want to start a platform in 2021. They also intend to take it to other countries in Southeast Asia. In the field of technology between the US and China, competition is an aspect of the new dimension of the relationship of both, while it can have an impact on many areas such as space and nuclear security in global governance.